How The Group End Citizens United Is Working To Change The United States

Our forefathers wrote the constitution with the intent of preventing corruption and bribery in politics. Citizens United was the 2010 Supreme Court decision that gave way to unlimited donations to political campaigns from corporations and labor unions. For many candidates who are running for office, this was a good thing. After all, where their campaigns were lacking funds, corporations and unions are now legally allowed to make up for it through uncapped and endless donations.

It is no accident that this court decision is titled something seemingly innocent, like Citizens United. Lawmakers knew that when individuals heard the words “Citizens United,” no one would question it because, of course, everyone wants citizens to be united. When people hear the phrase “Citizens United,” most are not attributing that to money in politics. Corporations, politicians, and unions were betting on the unwillingness of the American people to do their homework when it came down to this Supreme Court decision. Sadly, they won their bet. The average American citizen is blissfully unaware of what Citizens United is or what that means for our country.

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Citizens United means legal bribery, money in politics, and corruption within our government. It means that if a company donates enough money to a politician’s campaign, that that politician is likely to vote in favor of that company because they want to pay back that favor. If a company wants to dump toxic waste in the river near your home and there is a bill up for a vote to prevent it, the vote will depend on whether politicians received campaign donations from that company.

While this Supreme Court decision has come at a great cost to the public and our Democracy, End Citizens United is a Democratic organization working to end this corruption and legal bribery. End Citizens United has been working hard to hold elected officials accountable for their actions and, by holding their feet to the fire, many candidates and current politicians have publicly announced that they will no longer be accepting donations from corporations and labor unions.

Our Democracy is far from perfect, and with legalized bribery and corruption it is even farther from it. With helpers like End Citizens United, however, we will be able to turn our country into the well-oiled, corruption-free, Democratic Republic that our forefathers intended it to be.


How The Trabuco Changed Siege Warfare In The Middle Ages

The Trabuco was considered the ultimate war machine during the Middle Ages. It could hurl massive stones which could bring down ramparts and kill anyone standing on or even near them. It was much better than what had come before as it could deliver a much bigger payload from a farther distance away. As such it was the biggest leap forward in war technology during this era.

The Trabuco, like other catapults, uses stored energy to deliver its payload. Workers would pull down the arm, fill the basket with projectiles, and then when the arm was released a counterweight would violently cause the side with the basket to shoot up and fling its payload of stone or other projectiles. This counterweight made the Trabuco different from the catapults that came before it and gave it an incredible firing range.


Because of the Trabuco, moats became irrelevant. Trabuco’s could stay well out of the range of regular catapults as well as enemy arrows. They basically changed how castles were built as the current castle walls at the time presented no challenge for a Trabuco according to Castles had to be built with much thicker walls which could better withstand what this weapon could deliver.

Army’s across Europe began to use the Trabuco and it became the gold standard of sieging a town or castle. Not only was it extremely powerful but it was also relatively easy to build, maintain, and operate. This weapon took a crew of about 80 people to operate who were organized into teams. It was actually first created in China and made its way to Europe later on. The Wu Jing Dynasty there had measured the reach of their Trabuco’s and recorded that it could fling a 140-pound rock up to 260 feet according to It could also fire up to five shots per minute because of how the teams coordinated their activities.

The Trabuco was used up until the eleventh century which is when it was finally retired. Even more refined war machines had been built and before long soldiers were using cannons which used gunpowder. It was gunpowder which finally ended the castle era.

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The Chainsmokers Says Everybody Hates Me because I Am a Sick Boy

The Chainsmokers new music is truly a reflection of the world around them. This group changed up its musical style and this new sound has catapulted them into a different direction. The Chainsmokers used to make snappy upbeat music. Now, their music is more sinister in terms of its lyrical content and message.

The Chainsmokers music is a departure from their previous sound which was about love and having a good time. Sick Boy is a departure from this past sound because it touches off on a different mentality that is present in modern society. The song is about people’s need for social media to communicate in modern times. This song is also about the other modern issues that are impacting people’s lives today. With society being so up in the air and modern life being so unpredictable; Sick Boy is a perfect song for this day and age.

The song might not get a lot airplay, but it has garnered over 140 million views. This song has amassed more views than their hit song Paris which was frequently played on the radio for many months. Sick Boy is the perfect song to highlight this generation of millennials. Alex Pall said in an interview with Ryan Seacrest that he and Andrew Taggart had to do something different at this point in their career. Sick Boy was the first single for their new era of music.

The duo also released two other songs that fits into this new darker side of the Chainsmokers. The name of these songs is You Owe Me and Everybody Hates Me. You Owe Me has a video that starts off boring and bland but ends up being a real nightmare. Everybody Hates Me is another tune that follows in the vein of Sick Boy. That song was released in March.

Sick Boy had a good run for nearly four months. Hundreds of millions of people know about it and it continues to attract more people every day. Alex Pall wants his fans to know that even though the group is taking on more of a darker sound; he and his partner (Alex Taggart) are going to make the best music possible for them. So far, his fans are into this new sound and they truly like the direction that the group is taking. The Chainsmokers do not have to worry about Everybody Hates Me even though they are a Sick Boy because they still make high quality music.


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